2022 IEEE CSR Workshop on Maritime Cyber Security (MCS)

July 27, 2022

Critical infrastructures are vital assets for public safety, economic welfare, and the national security. Vulnerabilities of critical infrastructures have increased with the widespread use of information technologies. As Critical National Infrastructures are becoming more vulnerable to cyberattacks, their protection becomes a significant issue for any organization as well as nation. The risks to continued operations from failing to upgrade aging infrastructure or not meeting mandated regulatory regimes are considered higher given the demonstrable impact of such circumstances. Critical infrastructure in the maritime sector sustains essential services and the movement of vital goods. Maritime activities are so crucial that their unavailability or delays in their supply chain may adversely affect the well-being of a country.

Due to the rapid increase of sophisticated cyber threats targeting the maritime sector with significant destructive effects, the cyber security of critical infrastructures has become an agenda item for academics, practitioners, and policy makers. A holistic view that covers technical, policy, human, and behavioral aspects is essential to handle cyber security of critical infrastructures effectively. Moreover, the ability to attribute crimes to criminals is a vital element of avoiding impunity in cyberspace.

In this workshop, both research and practical aspects of cyber security considerations in critical infrastructures in the maritime sector are of interest. Aligned with the interdisciplinary nature of cyber security, authors from academia, government, and industry are welcome to contribute.

Topics of Interest

Prospective authors are encouraged to submit previously unpublished contributions from a broad range of topics, which include but are not limited to the following:

› Cyber security of complex and distributed critical infrastructures;
› Situational Awareness towards Maritime Cyber Incidents;
› Prevention, resilience and preparedness;
› Maritime security management methodologies (MSMM);
› Safety-security interactions;
› Protection of Ports’ Information and Telecommunication (PIT) systems;
› Maritime security policies, standards and regulations;

› Vulnerability and risk assessment methodologies for maritime systems;
› Detection and response mechanisms for maritime systems;
› On-vessel architectures and services;
› On-ship and in-port cyber-attacks;
› Attack surfaces in IoT devices in ships and ports;
› Digitalisation of maritime industry;
› Emerging technologies in maritime security and privacy

Important Dates

Paper submission deadline: April 22 May 27, 2022 AoE
Authors’ notification: May 13 June 23, 2022 AoE
Camera-ready submission: May 27 June 30, 2022 AoE
Early registration deadline: June 24 June 30, 2022 AoE
Workshop date: July 27, 2022

Submission Guidelines

The workshop’s proceedings will be published by IEEE and will be included in IEEE Xplore. The guidelines for authors, manuscript preparation guidelines, and policies of the IEEE CSR conference are applicable to MCS 2022 workshop. Please visit the authors’ instructions page for more details. When submitting your manuscript via the conference management system, please make sure that the workshop’s track 2T8 MCS is selected in the Topic Areas drop down list.

Workshop Committees

Workshop chairs

Leandros Maglaras, De Montfort University (UK)
Christos Douligeris, University of Piraeus (GR)
Despina Polemi, University of Piraeus (GR)
Vasileios Vlachos, University of Thessaly (GR)
Ying He, University of Nottingham (UK)
Ioanna Kantzavelou, University of West of Attica (GR)

Publicity chair

Kyriaki Chantzi, University of West of Attica (GR)

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Program committee

Aliyu Aliyu, De Montfort University (UK)
Nick Ayres, De Montfort University (UK)
Brunno Bender, Ventura Associate (GR)
Nestoras Chouliaras, University of West of Attica (GR)
Tiago Cruz, University of Coimbra (PT)
Mohamed Amine Ferrag, Guelma University (DZ)
Rania Garofalaki, University of Piraeus (GR)
Vasileios Germanos, De Montfort University (UK)
Vasileios Gkioulos, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NO)
Thanos Kakarountas, University of Thessaly (GR)
Dimitrios Kosmanos, University of Thessaly (GR)
Panagiotis Kotzanikolaou, University of Piraeus (GR)
Sotiris Moschoyiannis, University of Surrey (UK)
Manos Panaousis, University of Greenwich (UK)
Vasileios Papaspyrou, University of Thessaly (GR)
Spyridon Papastergiou, University of Piraeus (GR)
Maria Papathanasaki, University of Thessaly (GR)
Despina Polemi, University of Piraeus (GR)
Stefan Schauer, Austrian Institute of Technology (AT)
Corinna Schmitt, Universität der Bundeswehr München (DE)
Christos Tselikis, University of Piraeus (GR)
Katerina Vardalaki, Research Institute of European and American Studies (GR)
Ismini Vasileiou, De Montfort University (UK)

Program Information

Wednesday, July 27

15.00–16:00 CET

Technical session WS-MCS-1

Chair: L. Maglaras, De Montfort University (UK)
Room: Nafsika


Welcome by the MCS Chairs

L. Maglaras, C. Douligeris, D. Polemi, V. Vlachos, Y. He, I. Kantzavelou


Invited talk: Geopolitical crisis impacts maritime cybersecurity

Despina Polemi, University of Piraeus (GR)

Abstract. Current crises (climate change, COVID-19 pandemic outbreak, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, energy and environmental crisis) have impacted the maritime sector. The maritime supply chains, the digital port services and operations, the maritime industries became even more vulnerable to cyber-attacks due to lack of compliance with cybersecurity standards, missing controls, lack of efficient disaster recovery and business continuous plans and missing cybersecurity skills. Immediate mitigation actions need to be undertaken to protect the maritime sector and improve the resilience of their operations, infrastructures and the blue economy.

Biography. Prof. Despina Polemi is a cybersecurity Professor at the University of Piraeus-UNIPI- (Cyber Security Lab, Dept. of Informatics) and CTO/Co-Founder of trustilio. She served (2017-2020) as Programme Manager and Policy Officer in the European Commission DG (CONNECT H1 Unit entitled ’Cybersecurity Technologies and Capabilities’). She has obtained her Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics (Coding Theory) from The City University of New York (Graduate Center). Her scientific interests are in cybersecurity. She held teaching and research positions in The City University of New York (Queens & Baruch Colleges), State University of New York (Farmingdale), Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)-Solvay Brussels School-. She has over 150 publications in security (e.g. port security, maritime security, maritime supply chain security) has organised numerous scientific and policy international cybersecurity scientific events. She has received many research grants (NATO, IEEE) and awards (NSA, MSI Army Research Office IEEE, CYNY, Hellenic Ministry of Maritime, Hellenic National Defense General) and has participated as Project and Technical Manager in more than 60 cybersecurity international, EU and national R&D and commercial projects. She serves as external expert/reviewer/consultant in ENISA, E.C.(DG CNECT, DG HOME), FORTH, Focal Point, CodeWeTrust.

16:00–16:20 CET

Coffee break

16:20–18:00 CET

Technical session WS-MCS-2

Chair: L. Maglaras, De Montfort University (UK)
Room: Nafsika


A multi-level trust framework for the Internet of underwater things

A. Almutairi, Y. He, and S. Furnell


FFDA: A novel four-factor distributed authentication mechanism

J. Edwards, F. Aparicio-Navarro, L. Maglaras, and C. Douligeris


A supply chain service cybersecurity certification scheme based on the cybersecurity act

A. Michota and N. Polemi


Training the maritime security operations centre teams

M. Raimondi, G. Longo, A. Merlo, A. Armando, and E. Russo


Cybersecurity at merchant shipping

E. D. Charitos, N. A. Kounalakis, and I. Kantzavelou