CSR MCS 2021

2021 IEEE CSR Workshop on Maritime Cyber Security (MCS)

July 26, 2021

Critical infrastructure in the maritime sector sustains essential services and the movement of vital goods. Maritime activities are so crucial that their unavailability or delays in their supply chain may adversely affect the well-being of a country. Critical infrastructures are vital assets for public safety, economic welfare, and the national security. Vulnerabilities of critical infrastructures have increased with the widespread use of information technologies. As Critical National Infrastructures are becoming more vulnerable to cyberattacks, their protection becomes a significant issue for any organization as well as nation. The risks to continued operations from failing to upgrade aging infrastructure or not meeting mandated regulatory regimes are considered higher given the demonstrable impact of such circumstances.

Due to the rapid increase of sophisticated cyber threats targeting the maritime sector with significant destructive effects, the cyber security of critical infrastructures has become an agenda item for academics, practitioners, and policy makers. A holistic view which covers technical, policy, human, and behavioral aspects is essential to handle cyber security of critical infrastructures effectively. Moreover, the ability to attribute crimes to criminals is a vital element of avoiding impunity in cyberspace.

In this workshop, both research and practical aspects of cyber security considerations in critical infrastructures in the maritime sector are of interest. Aligned with the interdisciplinary nature of cyber security, authors from academia, government, and industry are welcome to contribute.

Topics of Interest

Prospective authors are encouraged to submit previously unpublished contributions from a broad range of topics, which include but are not limited to the following:

› Cyber security of complex and distributed critical infrastructures;
› Situational Awareness towards Maritime Cyber Incidents;
› Prevention, resilience and preparedness;
› Maritime security management methodologies (MSMM);
› Safety-security interactions;

› Protection of Ports’ Information and Telecommunication (PIT) systems;
› Maritime security policies, standards and regulations;
› Vulnerability and risk assessment methodologies for maritime systems;
› Detection and response mechanisms for maritime systems;
› Maritime security and safety services;

Important Dates

Paper submission deadline: April 19 May 10, 2021 AoE (firm)
Authors’ notification: May 3 May 31, 2021 AoE
Camera-ready submission: May 10 June 7, 2021 AoE
Early registration deadline: June 14, 2021 AoE
Workshop date: July 26, 2021

Submission Guidelines

The workshop’s proceedings will be published by IEEE and will be included in IEEE Xplore. The guidelines for authors, manuscript preparation guidelines, and policies of the IEEE CSR conference are applicable to MCS 2021 workshop. Please visit the authors’ instructions page for more details. When submitting your manuscript via the conference management system, please make sure that the workshop’s track 2T8 MCS is selected in the Topic Areas drop down list.

Workshop Committees

Workshop chairs

Leandros Maglaras, De Montfort University (UK)
Christos Douligeris, University of Piraeus (GR)
Ioanna Kantzavelou, University of West of Attica (GR)
Vasileios Vlachos, University of Thessaly (GR)
Helge Janicke, Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre of Austraila (AU)

Publicity chair

Kyriaki Chantzi, University of West of Attica (GR)

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Program committee

Aliyu Aliyu, De Montfort University (UK)
Brunno Bender, Ventura Associate (GR)
Nestoras Chouliaras, University of West of Attica (GR)
Tiago Cruz, University of Coimbra (PT)
Mohamed Amine Ferrag, Guelma University (DZ)
Rania Garofalaki, University of Piraeus (GR)
Vasileios Germanos, De Montfort University (UK)
Vasileios Gkioulos, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NO)
Thanos Kakarountas, University of Thessaly (GR)
Dimitrios Kosmanos, University of Thessaly (GR)
Panagiotis Kotzanikolaou, University of Piraeus (GR)
Sotiris Moschoyiannis, University of Surrey (UK)
Manos Panaousis, University of Greenwich (UK)
Vasileios Papaspyrou, University of Thessaly (GR)
Spyridon Papastergiou, University of Piraeus (GR)
Maria Papathanasaki, University of Thessaly (GR)
Despina Polemi, University of Piraeus (GR)
Stefan Schauer, Austrian Institute of Technology (AT)
Corinna Schmitt, Universität der Bundeswehr München (DE)
Christos Tselikis, University of Piraeus (GR)
Katerina Vardalaki, Research Institute of European and American Studies (GR)
Ismini Vasileiou, De Montfort University (UK)
Ioannis Vourgidis, De Montfort University (UK)

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Program Information

All sessions are held in Nefeli room (July 26, 2021)

Technical session WS-MCS1

Chair: Leandros Maglaras, De Montfort University (UK)

15:40–16:00 CET

Advancing the state of maritime cybersecurity guidelines to improve the resilience of the maritime transportation system

L. Drazovich, L. Brew, and S. Wetzel

16:00–16:20 CET

The impact of COVID-19 on the security and resilience of the maritime transportation system

L. Brew, L. Drazovich, and S. Wetzel

16:20–16:40 CET

Impact assessment of anomaly propagation in a naval water distribution cyber-physical system

N. Pelissero, P. Merino Laso, and J. Puentes

16:40–17:00 CET

A backwards compatible approach to authenticate automatic identification system messages

M. Struck and J. Stoppe

17:00–17:20 CET

Quantum cryptography in maritime telecommunications

M. Papathanasaki, P. Fountas, L. Maglaras, C. Douligeris, and M. A. Ferrag



Coffee break



Panel discussion WS-MCS2

Chairs: Christos Douligeris, University of Piraeus (GR);
Despina Polemi, University of Piraeus (GR)

17:40–18:20 CET

Panel topic: Future trends and perspectives in maritime communications
— Security challenges in the maritime sector due to the emerging technologies (AI, blockchain, 5G, satellites)
— Security certification in the maritime digital technologies
— Maritime supply chain security in the global digital maritime market
— Human factors in the cyber maritime ecosystem


Despina Polemi, University of Piraeus (GR).

She is a cybersecurity Professor in the University of Piraeus-UNIPI- (Cyber Security Lab, Dept. of Informatics) and CTO/ Co-Founder of trustilio. She served (2017-2020) as Programme Manager and Policy Officer in the European Commission DG (CONNECT H1 Unit entitled ’Cybersecurity Technologies and Capabilities’). She has obtained her Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics (Coding Theory) from The City University of New York (Graduate Center). Her scientific interests are in cybersecurity. She held teaching and research positions in The City University of New York (Queens & Baruch Colleges), State University of New York (Farmingdale), Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)-Solvay Brussels School-. She has over 150 publications in security (e.g. port security, maritime security, maritime supply chain security) has organised numerous scientific and policy international cybersecurity scientific events. She has received many research grants (NATO, IEEE) and awards (NSA, MSI Army Research Office IEEE, CYNY, Hellenic Ministry of Maritime, Hellenic National Defense General) and has participated as Project and Technical Manager in more than 60 cybersecurity international, EU and national R&D and commercial projects. She serves as external expert/reviewer/consultant in ENISA, E.C.(DG CNECT, DG HOME), FORTH, Focal Point, CodeWeTrust.

Christos Douligeris, University of Piraeus (GR).

He is currently a professor at the Department of Informatics, University of Piraeus, Greece held positions with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Miami. He was an associate member of the Hellenic Authority for Information and Communication Assurance and Privacy and the President and CEO of Hellenic Electronic Governance for Social Security SA. Dr. Douligeris has published extensively in the networking scientific literature and he has participated in many research and development projects. He is the co-editor of a book on ‘‘Network Security’’ published by IEEE Press/ John Wiley and he is on the editorial boards of several scientific journals as well as on the technical program committees of major international conferences. He has been involved extensively in curriculum development both in the USA and Greece. Prof. Douligeris has been instrumental in the signing of MOUs between his lab and major companies operating in Greece, like COSMOTE, Vodafone and Nokia, that allow the continuous interaction, training, transfer of knowledge and hiring of university students and graduates in the respective companies. He is the founder and director of Netlab, a university research laboratory with more than 30 members (professors, lecturers, post doctoral students, graduate and undergraduate students). He is leading national and international projects in the areas of Maritime security, Web applications, Policy Issues, Cultural Portals, Designing of Broadband Networks and Telecommunications Planning.


Bruno Bender, Ventura (FR).

He is the national cybersecurity coordinator for the Maritime sector in France. On behalf of the PM Secretary General of the Sea he managed this project from 2018 to 2020 conducting to develop a maritime cybersecurity strategy, implementing a cybersecurity governance and shared capacities to the benefits of the maritime actors. Finally he conducted the initial development of the national Maritime CERT project whose initial operational capacity has been set this year. Bruno BENDER is a former navy CIS / security officer who has been involved in several multinational cybersecurity developments and projects. As Communication and Information systems department head of the French Navy between 2005 and 2016 he was deployed on ships and international staffs (NATO, EU, UN) and has an extended knowledge on maritime communication and security. In 2015 he initiated the first French cybersecurity operational concept for naval forces and was responsible for the relocation of maritime systems for the French PENTAGON. Since 2018 He coordinates the maritime cybersecurity on behalf of the Maritime stakeholders (ports, shipowners, public administrations and shipbuilders). He conducted several studies for the Commission and NATO and was involved on the modernization of communication systems on future ships including autonomous ones and supported several security providers in the area of maritime CIS, C4I and cybersecurity. He is still acting as reserve Officer for the French Navy and manages since 2015 Information Warfare interactions with NATO and multinational communities (NATO MAROPS, MC3Cat and HF BLOS Cat – US M2I2).

Sofoklis Efremidis, Maggioli SpA (IT).

He has an Electrical Engineering Degree from National Technical University of Athens, Greece and a M.Sc. and Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from the Department of Computer Science, Cornell University, U.S.A. He has worked in several EU Research and Development projects as well as national and industrial projects on dependable distributed systems, middleware and software architectures, software development methodologies, Internet of Things and applications, blockchains and applications, risk assessment of critical infrastructures, and cybersecurity. He is currently the Project Manager of the EU project CYRENE, which addresses the certification of security and resilience requirements of Supply Chain services. He is also an instructor of academic and professional education IT courses in Greek private colleges.

Corinna Schmitt, Unibw (DE).

She received her Venia Legendi in the area of Informatics for livetime including teaching license from the University of Zurich (Switzerland) 2021 after her employment there from spring 2013 to May 2018. She was member of the Communication Systems Group (CSG) as Head of Mobile and Trusted Communcations with focus on secure IoT. With this focus she continued her work from Technische Universität München (Germany) where she received her Dr. rer. nat. (PhD) in 2013 building on topics of her diploma study in Bioinformatics from the Eberhard-Karls Universität Tübingen (Germany). After several years of visiting status at the Network Security Group at the Universität der Bundeswehr München (UniBwM, engl. University of Federal Armed Forces Munich, Germany) she joined the affiliated Research Institute CODE as Head of Secure IoT. Her focus on secure IoT got extended by critical infrastructures and more complex systems. She extended the local teaching curriculum with IoT, secure mobile systems, and questions around the crime scene IoT. In 2021 her Venia Legendi in the area of Informatics was also accepted at the UniBwM. With her expertise, she is involved in national/international projects (e.g., CONCORDIA, symbIoTe, SmartenIT or FLAMINGO). During the last years together with her Ph.D. candidates and students several awards on IEEE/ACM conferences were won and current research results were presented in national/international events. Further outcomes were integrated in standardization activities in the area of secure and reliable communication.

Ravishankar Borgaonkar, SINTEF Digital (NO).

He is a senior research scientist at SINTEF Digital and Associate Professor II at the University of Stavanger in Norway. At SINTEF currently, he researches on securing critical digital infrastructure (such as Smart Grid/Maritime/Healthcare/ Public-safety communication) and 5G network-enabled business verticals. He holds a PhD in telecommunication security area from Technischen Universität Berlin (TU Berlin, 2013). In 2007, he received an Erasmus Mundus award from the European Union and completed a dual master’s degree from the Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden) and Aalto University (previously TKK) in 2009. His primary research themes are related to mobile telecommunication networks and security threats for the next generation of digital communication, ranging from 2G/3G/4G/5G network security to end-user device security. He has extensive experience in a cellular network and information security domain at Deutsche Telekom’s lab (Germany), TU Berlin (Germany), Intel Collaborative Research Institute for Secure Computing at Aalto University (Finland), and University of Oxford (United Kingdom). He has found several protocol flaws in 3G/4G/5G technologies (affecting billions of devices) and assisted in improving 4G/5G security standards. Also, he is a frequent speaker at several leading security (hacking/academic) conferences and is listed in the Hall of Fame of Google, Qualcomm, Huawei, and GSMA.

See also the conference’s overall program.

A backwards compatible approach to authenticate automatic identification system messages
M. Struck and J. Stoppe

Advancing the state of maritime cybersecurity guidelines to improve the resilience of the maritime transportation system
L. Drazovich, L. Brew, and S. Wetzel

Impact assessment of anomaly propagation in a naval water distribution cyber-physical system
N. Pelissero, P. Merino Laso, and J. Puentes

Quantum cryptography in maritime telecommunications
M. Papathanasaki, P. Fountas, L. Maglaras, C. Douligeris, and M. A. Ferrag

The impact of COVID-19 on the security and resilience of the maritime transportation system
L. Brew, L. Drazovich, and S. Wetzel

See also the conference’s overall list of accepted papers.